ZhETF, Vol. 136,
p. 521 (September 2009)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 109, No. 3,
available online at www.springer.com
ELASTIC PHASE TRANSITIONS IN PLUTONIUM
Vekilov Yu.Kh., Krasilnikov O.M.
Received: April 1, 2009
PACS: 61.50.Ks, 63.20.-e, 64.70.K-
The rich phase diagram of plutonium with a large number of different transitions in a narrow temperature interval has been puzzling scientists for decades. We offer a theoretical proof that most of the structural transformations in plutonium at temperatures exceeding the Debye temperature are the elastic phase transitions. The proof is given in the framework of the Landau theory of phase transitions and space group theory with the anomalously small value of the elastic shear constants related to tetragonal and orthorhombic lattice deformations taking into account.