ZhETF, Vol. 139,
p. 733 (April 2011)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 112, No. 4,
available online at www.springer.com
A SIMPLE THEORY OF CONDENSATION
Received: October 25, 2010
A simple assumption of an emergence in gas of small atomic clusters consisting of c particles each leads to a phase separation (first-order transition). It reveals itself by the emergence of a ``forbidden'' density range starting at a certain temperature. Defining this latter value as the critical temperature predicts the existence of an interval with the anomalous heat capacity behavior . The value c=13 suggested in the literature yields the heat capacity exponent α=0.077.