ZhETF, Vol. 144,
p. 1140 (December 2013)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 117, No. 6,
available online at www.springer.com
ON THE IMPLICATION OF BELL'S PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION AND PROPOSED EXPERIMENTS OF QUANTUM MEASUREMENT
Received: May 18, 2013
In derivating Bell's inequalities, the probability distribution is supposed to be a function only of a hidden variable. We point out that the true implication of the probability distribution of Bell's correlation function is the distribution of joint measurement outcomes on the two sides. It is therefore a function of both the hidden variable and the settings. In this case, Bell's inequalities fail. Our further analysis shows that Bell's locality holds neither for dependent events nor for independent events. We think that the measurements of EPR pairs are dependent events, and hence violation of Bell's inequalities cannot rule out the existence of the local hidden variable. To explain the results of EPR-type experiments, we suppose that a polarization-entangled photon pair can be composed of two circularly or linearly polarized photons with correlated hidden variables, and a couple of experiments of quantum measurement are proposed. The first uses delayed measurement on one photon of the EPR pair to demonstrate directly whether measurement on the other could have any nonlocal influence on it. Then several experiments are suggested to reveal the components of the polarization-entangled photon pair. The last one uses successive polarization measurements on a pair of EPR photons to show that two photons with the same quantum state behave the same under the same measuring conditions.