ZhETF, Vol. 146,
p. 464 (September 2014)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 119, No. 3,
available online at www.springer.com
LOADING OF A KRYPTON MAGNETO-OPTICAL TRAP WITH TWO HOLLOW LASER BEAMS IN A ZEEMAN SLOWER
Singh S., Tiwari V.B., Mishra S.R., Rawat H.S.
Received: April 11, 2014
A significant enhancement in the number of cold atoms in an atomic-beam-loaded magneto-optical trap (MOT) for metastable krypton atoms is observed when hollow laser beams are used in a Zeeman slower instead of a Gaussian laser beam. In the Zeeman slower setup, a combination of two hollow laser beams, i. e., a variable-diameter hollow beam generated using a pair of axicon lenses superimposed on a fixed-diameter hollow beam, has been used to reduce the longitudinal velocity of the atoms in the atomic beam below the capture speed of the MOT. The observed enhancement in the number of atoms in the MOT is attributed to reduced destruction of the atom cloud in the MOT and increased cooling of the off-axis atoms in the atomic beam, resulting from the use of hollow beams in the Zeeman slower.