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ZhETF, Vol. 147, No. 3, p. 599 (March 2015)
(English translation - JETP, Vol. 120, No. 3, March 2015 available online at )

Gorbunov D., Tokareva A.

Received: October 24, 2014

DOI: 10.7868/S0044451015030209

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We study the creation of high-energy SM particles in the Starobinsky model of dark energy (a variant of F(R)-gravity) inside the regions contracting due to the Jeans instability. In this modification of gravity, the additional degree of freedom - a scalaron - behaves as a particle with the mass depending on matter density. Therefore, when the mass changes, light scalarons could be created at a nonadiabatic stage. Later, the scalaron mass grows and can reach large values, even the value 1013 GeV, favored by early time inflation. Heavy scalarons decay contributing to the cosmic ray flux. We analytically calculate the number density of created particles for the exponential (Jeans) contraction and find it negligibly small for the phenomenologically viable and cosmologically interesting range of model parameters. We expect similar results for a generic model of F(R)-gravity mimicking the cosmological constant. Contribution for the JETP special issue in honor of V. A. Rubakov's 60th birthday

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