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ЖЭТФ, Том 146, Вып. 6, стр. 1315 (Декабрь 2014)
(Английский перевод - JETP, Vol. 119, No 6, p. 1152, December 2014 доступен on-line на www.springer.com )

Quiang Deng, Averin Dmitri V.

Поступила в редакцию: 4 Августа 2014

DOI: 10.7868/S0044451014120189

DJVU (157K) PDF (299K)

We have considered the quantum dynamics of an array of nSQUIDs - two-junction SQUIDs with negative mutual inductance between their two arms. Effective dual-rail structure of the array creates additional internal degree of freedom for the fluxons in the array, which can be used to encode and transport quantum information. Physically, this degree of freedom is represented by electromagnetic excitations localized on the fluxon. We have calculated the spatial profile and frequency spectrum of these excitations. Their dynamics can be reduced to two quantum states, so that each fluxon moving through the array carries with it a qubit of information. Coherence properties of such a propagating qubit in the nSQUID array are characterized by the dynamic suppression of the low-frequency decoherence due to the motion-induced spreading of the noise spectral density to a larger frequency interval. Contribution for the JETP special issue in honor of A. F. Andreev's 75th birthday}

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